Sunday, May 24, 2020


The People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI/MEK) announced on Thursday, May 24, that the Coronavirus death toll in 320 Iranian cities had exceeded 43,848.

Six months after hundreds of protesters and civilians
were killed by unlawful force during the November 2019 protests in Iran, authorities have yet to provide the families of protesters with answers about their loved ones’ death. Instead, the families have had to settle for proposals of money and “martyrdom.” The families of Shabnam Diani, Azadeh Zarbi, and Farzad Ansarifar were threatened as a mean to force them into silence.
Regime officials pressured several families of protesters killed in November to acknowledge that their loved ones were “martyrs” and to take money in exchange for their silence.
Shabnam Dayani was among the protesters in the nationwide uprising in Shiraz, in November 2019. She was killed on November 16, 2019. Shabnam Dayani and 12 others were run over by the vehicles of the IRGC-paramilitary force, the Bassij. The Bassij agents subsequently opened fire on all of them.
According to an eyewitness, when Shabnam’s parents went to collect their daughter’s body, authorities threatened them and instructed them to give interviews in which they would declare their daughter’s death an accident.
In an interview published on social media, Azadeh Zarbi’s family described the days after Azadeh’s death as follows:
“The first day at the hospital, she was right there in front of us, and we went home in the middle of the night. The next day, [hospital officials] said they had delivered the body to the coroner’s office in Tehran. They [the coroner’s office in Tehran] denied it for two days and said they did not have such a person. Then they sent us to the Kahrizak coroner, who said that such a person is not here. From there, we were sent to the coroner in Ghaleh Hassan Khan (Qods), but they also said that there was no such person.
We finally found a family member at a coroner’s office who said the body had been transferred to the Shahriar coroner.”
Azadeh Zarbi’s parents insist that they did not accept payment for the bullets that killed their daughter. But to retrieve the body, they had to make written commitments.
According to the family, “We pledged not to form a crowd, not to mourn, not to connect with the families of other deceased protesters, and not to speak to the media. After we made these commitments, we were allowed to have six people attend the funeral. The [security forces?] chose the cemetery themselves, at the farthest point of the Kamalshahr. They even chose the plot at the cemetery where she was to be buried. During the funeral and the burial ceremonies, the plainclothes officers who were in attendance kept reminding the family to “control themselves.”
Even when the body was delivered to the cemetery, two female officers came and sat next to Azadeh’s mother. They didn’t let her speak, and no one was allowed to talk to her.”
Azadeh Zarbi’s family went to the police station to file a complaint. But they were told that state security forces had not fired [against their relative]. They didn’t say, ‘we weren’t there;’ they said, ‘the person who fired was not one of our agents.’ They forced the family to pledge in writing not to talk about this with anyone.
Farzaneh Ansarifar also spoke of being threatened as a way of securing her silence about her brother’s martyrdom in the 2019 uprising.
 Families of Protesters Killed in November Pressured to Keep Silent
“40 days after Farzad’s death, strangers set fire to my house and car while Farzad’s death notice was still on the wall.”
Farzad Ansarifar, a 27-year-old construction worker, was killed during the nationwide protests on November 16 in the city of Behbahan in Khuzestan Province.

Women who do not observe the compulsory veil on social media, especially Instagram, will be dealt with and arrested by the FATA (Iranian Cyber Police). “Regarding the removal of the hijab in cyberspace, it should be noted that since it is in the set of abnormalities, it will definitely be dealt with, and the police will act decisively in this regard” announced Ramin Pashaei, the Social Deputy of FATA, the Iranian Cyber Police.
Earlier, FATA Police Chief Turaj Kazemi stated that it is a crime to publish personal images of women with improper clothing in social media (The state-run Asre Pouya website – May 19, 2020). Ali Khamenei the Iranian regime's supreme leader issued a fatwa in 2016 and banned women from bicycling in public and in front of strangers. He said: “Riding a bicycle often attracts the attention of men and exposes society to corruption, thereby contravening women’s chastity, and it must be abandoned” (The state-run media, September 10, 2016).
In response to the question of whether it is a crime to publish personal images with inappropriate clothing (unveiled or improper veil) in cyberspace, the FATA Police Chief in Tehran responded, “It is up to the judicial authority to determine whether or not the act is criminal. Based on their duty, the police will provide documents to the judicial authorities; if it is considered a crime, the offenders will be dealt with.”
The Iranian regime is getting prepared to suppress the inevitable uprising in Iran.
Fearing a popular uprising, the Iranian regime has increased its crackdown on women on social media. Internal repression, and suppression of women in particular, is among the main pillars of maintaining a chokehold on power for mullahs.
The regime’s Supreme leader Ali Khamenei had said in a gathering in Mashhad on July 21, 2016, “Any debate on the compulsory or voluntary nature of Hijab (women’s veil) is a deviation.”
In another development, Tehran’s Commander of the State Security Force, reiterated the ban on issuing licenses for women for riding motorcycles.
Regarding women seeking motorcycle licenses,Hossein Rahimi said, “We do not decide, and issuing motorcycle licenses for women is not within the authority of the police. The law does not currently allow this to happen” (The state-run Asre-Iran website – May 17, 2020).
Iranian women have already been banned from riding bicycles.
Ali Khamenei issued a ridiculous fatwa in 2016 that banned women from bicycling in public and in front of strangers.
He said: “Riding a bicycle often attracts the attention of men and exposes society to corruption, thereby contravening women’s chastity, and it must be abandoned” (The state-run media, September 10, 2016).
In 2016, Yousef Tabatabaei, Khamenei’s representative in Isfahan, said that women’s cycling is considered villainy, and is considered a violation of the same seriousness as drug offenses. (The state-run Aftab website – May 14, 2016)

Civil activists Mojgan Kavousi Kurdish author and reserarcher and Shora Fekri former student activist were summoned and transferred to prison to serve their sentences of 3 years and five months respectively. Also, a year-long prison sentence was upheld for Kurdish civil right activist Farzaneh Jalali. The moves to imprison civil activists come at a time when the number of coronavirus victims is on steep rise in Iran.
Security forces in the city of Nowshahr arrested Mojgan Kavousi, Kurdish author and researcher, on May 19, 2020, and transferred her to the Prison of Nowshahr to serve her three-year sentence.
Ms. Kavousi was first arrested on November 18, 2019 and taken to the detention center of the IRGC Intelligence in Sari, capital of Mazandaran Province in northern Iran. Later, on December 10, she was transferred to the Prison of Nowshahr.
Mojgan Kavousi has been jailed at a time when all Iranian prisons are hotspots during the COVID-19 outbreak. Mazandaran Province has had 2640 affected cases by Tuesday, May 19, 2020.
In a similar development, Shora Fekri, former student activist of the University of Mazandaran, was summoned to serve her five-month jail sentence. Ms. Fekri had been initially arrested on January 12, 2020, during a protest in the city of Amol against the IRGC’s downing of a Ukrainian passenger aircraft.
The Appeals Court of Kermanshah Province also upheld a one-year sentence for the Kurdish civil activist Farzaneh Jalali. She had been sentenced to one year in prison by the Revolutionary Court of Kermanshah in November 2019 on the charge of “propaganda against the state.”
Farzaneh Jalali was initially arrested by agents of the Intelligence Department of Kermanshah on February 23, 2017. She was detained for 17 days in the detention center of the Intelligence Department, and subsequently transferred to the women’s ward of the Prison of Kermanshah. She had been released on a bail of 300 million tomans on March 12, 2017.

Political prisoner Sakineh Parvaneh was returned to Iranian  Qarchak Prison in Varamin on Saturday, May 16. She had been transferred to the IRGC (Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corp) Intelligence Detention Center (Ward 2A, Evin Prison) on May 9, and interrogated for a full week. During the interrogation, security guards beat her severely. Sakineh was arrested by the Ministry of Intelligence on February 7, and detained in Ward 209 of Evin Prison. She was interrogated for 10 days in Ward 209 of Evin Prison, where she was held in solitary confinement. She was later transferred to the women’s ward at Evin, where she scrawled anti-regime slogans on the walls, for which she was punished. Prison guards beat her while her hands and feet were bound. She was later sent into exile in Qarchak Prison.

After four days of solitary confinement in Qarchak, Ms. Parvaneh was transferred to Aminabad Psychiatric Hospital in Shahr-e-Rey.
The interrogator set her bail at 50 million Tomans – an amount her family cannot afford, so Ms. Parvaneh has remained in custody.
The regime routinely sends political prisoners to psychiatric hospitals under the pretext of mental illness. This is a common method of repressing both political prisoners and their family members.
Political prisoner Golrokh Ebrahimi Iraee sent a letter from Qarchak Prison, revealing that the regime is putting greater pressure on two Kurdish political prisoners by transferring them to this notorious facility.
“Since being transferred to Qarchak Prison, Sakineh Parvaneh has been taken to the Aminabad Mental Hospital several times, where she has been further pressured and brutalized. All this indicates violations of human rights,” Golrokh Ebrahimi Iraee wrote in her letter.

Sunday, May 17, 2020


The People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI/MEK) announced on, May 17, that Coronavirus has taken the lives of more than 42,400in 319 cities across Iran. Fearing the restive Iranian society and a nationwide uprising, the Iranian regime, instead of helping people amid the coronavirus outbreak, is increasing its suppressive measures only to prolong its rule. In an interview, IRGC Brigadier General Hassan Karami said that in 2020, “special attention” had been paid to the infrastructure of the anti-riot force and its equipment and that this “unparalleled” support had increased the force’s responsibility. “2020 is the unique year for the Special Forces in terms of infrastructure and equipment,” he said. “The support of the Anti-riot unit is excellent, and this unit is well provided with the equipment and facilities. This unit also enjoys vast support in the field of infrastructure in the country, including the completion and development of barracks, tools and training facilities required by barracks, and having access to the necessary specialized equipment and manpower.”

On International Nurses Day May 12, a selfless and
hard-working nurse named Zahra (Behnaz) Mostaedi died at Labafinejad Hospital in Tehran-Iran. The 42-year-old nurse suffered a cardiac arrest due to pressure at work. She worked in the hospital’s ICU, caring for Coronavirus patients around the clock. She died while on duty according to the state-run Naja News Agency – May 13.
In Khuzestan Province, another nurse, Zahra Absalan, fell to the ground after fainting due to excessive fatigue. She oversees the laboratory in Hamidiyeh and had been working while fasting for the month of Ramadan.

A group of Iran nurses and medical staff held a protest outside the Ministry of Health on May 13, to demand their long overdue payments and fees as well as permanent employment by the ministry.
One of the nurses participating in this protest said contractors who do not have any experience in medical issues are employing nurses and paramedics as daily laborers and on temporary contracts.
“Having no insurance or annual benefits, as well as discrimination against the personnel who are employed on temporary contracts compared to those who are officially employed, have made daily life difficult for us. Every day, we are under stress of beingfired. We will no longer tolerate this situation and we will not stop our protests until our demands are met.”
Another nurse said, “We have been in the hospital round-the-clock, 24-hours a day for three months. Not only they do not pay us any fees for the difficulty of our job, our annual benefits and our overtime fees, but they have not even paid our past-due salaries. How are we going to sustain a living during this crisis with illness and high prices?”
The Iranian regime has not paid the salaries and past-due fees of Iran nurses, and has even expelled them from their jobs on various occasions.

Agents of the clerical regime’s Intelligence Ministry have harassed and intimidated Aida Younesi with sexual and life threats after she posted a video for her brother's release on twitter.
Ali Younesi, a student of Sharif Industrial University and gold medal winner of the International Olympiad on Astronomy and Astrophysics in 2018, was violently arrested on April 10, 2020. Also arrested on the same day, was Amir Hossein Moradi, another elite student of Sharif Industrial University.
On May 11, Aida Younesi posted a tweet, addressing the regime’s Judiciary: “You violently broke in and took (my brother) away. And yet you cannot tolerate a 2-minute video clip responding to the baseless accusations of the Judiciary’s spokesman.”
Ms. Younesi pointed out that after reacting to the charges announced by Judiciary spokesman Gholam Hossein Esmaili, she had faced “insults as well as sexual and life threats,” adding, “Even some of their agents who are authorized to fire at will threatened to murder and execute me.” She reiterated, “In the absence of the rule of law in your  Islamic country, there is no place to file any complaint against you. But I have done so with the British Police.”
Ms. Younesi also revealed that her earlier video clip in response to the director of Bassij at Sharif Industrial University had drawn reaction from some officials who contacted her parents, and told them: “Tell your daughter to remove the video clip.”
Aida Younesi published a video clip on her twitter account on May 5, exposing the Intelligence Ministry’s conspiracy against her brother. She said in this clip: “No one expects any honesty from you (the Judiciary). The night (of the arrest) your agents said they had found nothing suspicious in our house. And the inspector of the case emphasized several times that there is no problem in Ali’s case… You do not have any evidence against Ali, because if you did you had already publicized it a hundred times.”

From now on, married women in Iran are required to obtain their husband’s consent/permission before they can sit for a dental assistant’s exam. On May 11, the state-run daily, Etemad Online, posted on its website: “As part of the declaration, a husband permits his wife to serve at the location designated by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education upon completing the training course.”
Etemad Online reiterated, “This declaration and the requirement for the husband’s consent is an issue that creates a problem for some female applicants in this field, and reminds us of the inequality that exists in national laws when it comes to men’s and women’s rights.”
“When a woman is obliged to obey her husband in general, as well as for particular activities; and her whole life is under his supervision, consent, and permission, we must expect such things,” said a women’s rights activist.
It was announced earlier that married women must have their husband’s permission before they can participate in any hiking or nature tours. Single women, as well as women under the age of 20, must have their father’s permission (The official IRNA news agency – November 13, 2018).
Misogyny is institutionalized in the clerical regime’s laws. The mullahs’ Civil Code treats women as men’s captives or sex slaves.
Specifically, a nine-year-old girl can be forced by her father to enter into a marriage, and she is required to live anywhere her “husband” wants. She cannot leave home, go to work, or travel without her “husband’s” permission.
Article 1105 of the Civil Code stipulates, “The family is headed by the husband and the woman may not leave home without the husband’s permission.”
Moreover, Article 1117 of the Civil Code states, “The husband can prevent his wife from engaging in any profession or industry that conflicts with the family’s interests, or his dignity, or that of his wife.”

On the Saturday night, May 2, 2020, several men attacked the female child laborer in Enqelab Square in a bid to rob her day’s income. Facing the little girl’s resistance, they doused her with gasoline and set her alight. Fortunately, some passers-by arrive and extinguish the fire before it causes severe injury.
Due to widespread poverty in Iranian society, millions of Iranian children have to work in factories, workshops, buildings, streets, and houses of other people to have some income. Most of these child laborers are helping their families earn a living, or are themselves in charge of supporting the family. (The state-run Asr-e Iran website – May 10, 2020)
An estimated 7 million child laborers in Iran are vulnerable to various social ailments. At least half of the child laborers in Iran are young girls. (The state-run Tasnim news agency – September 27, 2019)
The problem of child laborers is very serious in Iran. The Iranian regime Iran is a State Party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) (1994), however, it does not abide by its obligations under this convention which ban child labor.
This problem has aggravated in recent years in step with growing poverty in Iran. Young girls work in the streets as peddlers or collect garbage. Sometimes, they are abused by municipality agents, and sometimes, they are attacked by thieves or rabid dogs.

Sunday, May 10, 2020


The People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran
(PMOI/MEK) announced on May 7, that the Coronavirus death toll in 315 cities in Iran had exceeded 40,500.
According to NCRI statement( National Council of Resistance of Iran) Over 50 female inmates have caught the Coronavirus infection in the Sepidar Prison of Ahvaz, southwestern Iran. Reports say these women have been taken to Sepidar’s quarantine ward after showing symptoms of infection such as chills and fever. The prison doctor is also ill and there is no one to attend to and treat these 50 female inmates suffering from COVID-19. The inmates do not have access to medications and even the medicines procured by their families are not accepted by prison authorities who do not see themselves accountable to the families. The ward where the infected inmates are being held is separated from other wards and other prisoners only by several iron bars. The situation is also deplorable in Qarchak Prison for women in Varamin. At least, another 20 infected female inmates have been transferred to the quarantine ward and held in intolerable conditions. An inmate recently released from Qarchak Prison wrote that at least 100 female inmates in Qarchak Prison have been infected and suffer from COVID-19. These women are locked down in a ward called the “club.”
In a press conference on Sunday, May 3, Shahla Khosravi, Iran's Deputy Health Minister at Midwifery Affairs, made a shocking announcement  and said “Since the outbreak of the Coronavirus in the country, about 500 pregnant women have been hospitalized and 200 pregnant women have been treated on an outpatient basis.” “Thus far, 20 babies in Iran have been born with the Coronavirus” she added, without any further explanation. Regarding the number of deaths among midwives, Ms. Khosravi said: “About 40 to 50 have been hospitalized. Unfortunately, three midwives died” (The official IRNA news agency – May 3, 2020).

The Iranian Resistance issued a statement on May 5, publishing the names and pictures of 20 Iranians including six women and two elite students from Sharif Industrial University who have been arrested in Tehran and other cities. The secretariat of the National Council of Resistance of Iran said these are among the many who have been arrested in recent months. The six arrested women are: Nahid Fat’halian, Parastoo Mo’ini, Zahra Safaei, Forough Taghipour, Marzieh Farsi and Somayeh Bidi. The two elite students of Sharif Industrial University are Ali Younesi and Amir Hossein Moradi who had been arrested on April 10, 2020, by intelligence agents and taken under torture.
Ali won the gold medal of the 12th International Olympiad on Astronomy and Astrophysics, held in China in 2018. Earlier, he had won the silver and gold medals of the National Astronomy Olympiad in 2016 and 2017. Amir Hossein also won the Olympiad silver medal in 2017.
The Judiciary Spokesman Gholam-Hossein Esmaili acknowledged on Tuesday, May 5, the arrests of Amir Hossein Moradi and Ali Younesi, saying they had linked up with the PMOI (MEK). Reciting a series of trumped-up charges, he added that they had engaged in “diversionary actions” and were “attempting to carry out sabotage operations.” “Explosive devices used in sabotage operations were discovered when their homes were searched,” he said.
Ayda Younesi, Ali’s sister, in a video clip published on her twitter account on May 5, exposed the Intelligence Ministry’s conspiracy against her brother. She said in this clip: “The Judiciary tortures physically and psychologically to extract forced confessions. No one expects any honesty from you (the Judiciary). The night (of the arrest) your agents said they had found nothing suspicious in our house. And inspector of the case emphasized several times that there is no problem in Ali’s case. You were right when you said you don’t care about anyone’s profession or education. We also know well that you do not care about students. You don’t believe in citizen’s rights, otherwise we would not have such a brain drain in the country. You do not have any evidence against Ali, because if you did you had already publicized it a hundred times.”
Mrs. Maryam Rajavi, the President-elect of the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), emphasized that the detainees are subject to torture and face execution, as well as in danger of being exposed to Coronavirus.  She again urged the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and the Human Rights Council, as well as the international human rights organizations to take urgent action to secure the release the  detainees and to send international missions to visit the regime’s prisons and meet with these prisoners.
The Iranian Resistance demands that the clerical regime publishes the names of all the detainees and respect all their rights by the international conventions to which it is a party. Since the December 2017 uprising, a significant number of dissidents have been murdered under torture.

Political prisoner Atena Daemi, a child rights activist, refused to appear in court on May 2. She was protesting a verbal summons and a new case being filed against her.
According to the 32-year-old prisoner, she refused to appear in court for several reasons: the spread of Coronavirus in the country; her lack of access to a lawyer; and the insufficient time between receiving the formal notification and the trial date. Atena had refused to appear in court previously, on March 11, and April 18, 2020, for similar reasons.
The political prisoner has been deprived of visits. However, the ban on visitation, in effect since 2019, was issued verbally and has yet to be presented in writing. Atena has been denied access to a lawyer the entire time.

In a message from prison, disseminated on May 3, 2020, political prisoner Fatemeh Sepehri called on the people of Iran to join and support political prisoners in their demand for justice.
Rejecting her charges, Fatemeh emphasized as such: “In prisons and courts of the Islamic Republic, they have behaved worse than Stalin, and worse than any other regime the world has ever experienced, (what they have done) with the lives and properties of people. And they do not feel any shame. They understand neither humanity nor Islam.”
Fatemeh Sepehri is presently detained in the women’s ward of Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad on a sentence of 3 years and 6 months. The complete text of her audio message follows:
“As one of those who have imprisoned, as one of those who has been accused of charges which I have never done or committed… I am one of the complainants and I want to convey their voice to rest of the people and to the world that in prisons and courts of the Islamic Republic, they have behaved worse than Stalin, and worse than any other regime the world has ever experienced, (what they have done) with the lives and properties of people. And they do not feel any shame. They understand neither humanity nor Islam. I am very disturbed by this.
“Khamenei’s lackeys have also spread rumors that they want to free Fatemeh Sepehri because she is the widow of a martyr. I would never accept such a thing…
“I have been in jail for more than eight months. I was detained for 50 days in the Department of Intelligence and in solitary confinement. I have had quite a difficult time, but I am glad that I was able to convey my voice to the world and to the people of Iran and to the world.
“I urge all the people (of Iran) to support this call for justice by people like me, those who were before us and those are still in jail. Those who have lost their lives and their families were not allowed to mourn them in any ceremony or even see their bodies.
“I urge everyone to help, even if it is for themselves. Help to get rid of this situation. 41 years is enough for all the history of Iran and Iranians who want to live (in peace.)”
Political prisoner Fatemeh Sepehri was arrested on August 11, 2019 on the sideline of the trial of a university professor in Mashhad by the Appeals Court. Fifteen activists including five women were arrested in this incident for signing a letter to the mullahs’ leader, Ali Khamenei, and demanding his resignation.

Sunday, May 03, 2020


The People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran
(PMOI/MEK) announced on Sunday, May 3, that the Coronavirus death toll in 310 cities in Iran had exceeded 38,700. Hassan Rouhani, who, despite the requests by Tehran’s city council, still refuses to announce the fatality figures for each Province separately, again made the absurd claim, “Most hospital beds … are empty. Our country’s statistics (on Coronavirus fatalities) show our success has been significant compared to other countries … The conditions of those contracted the virus, those hospitalized, recovered, and those who’ve lost their lives is as desired.”
On the other hand Health Minister Saeed Namaki told Khamenei’s website, “Some think that we have many hospital beds. The ratio of hospital beds for every 1000 people is 1.6. The most underdeveloped European countries have five times more beds than we have. The number of nurses compared to beds in worst cases in Europe and the US is two to three times more than ours
In Babol, Dr. Alireza Jalali, head of the Medical Sciences University, told Khabar-e Dagh (Hot News), that “Coronavirus has taken on a new life in the city, and the number of hospitalized patients has increased. So far, 109 patients are in the ICU.” In Birjand, Dr. Kambiz Mehdi-zadeh, deputy head of the Medical School in South Khorasan Province, told Mehr News Agency on April 28, “We have witnessed an upward trend in the number of infected patients in the Province. These days, we see two-digit infections daily.” According to physicians in Tehran, in just four hospitals out of 138 public and private hospitals that receive Coronavirus patients, 1,400 have died so far. The number of fatalities in Yaft-Abad, Khomeini, Sina, and Alam hospitals is at least 750, 450,120, and 80 people, respectively.

The Amol Revolutionary Court issued jail sentences of a total of 88 months for 11 people in Iran for attending protests over the downing of a Ukrainian passenger plane in January 2020. One of the reasons given for the guilty verdict is that they lit a candle in sympathy with the families of the victims of the Ukrainian plane.

According to Women committee of the Iranian resistance, on Tuesday morning, April 27, security forces took political prisoner Zeinab Jalalian to Khoy Prison without giving specific reasons. Her parents went to Khoy Prison as soon as they learned of their daughter’s transfer and demanded an explanation. Prison officials responded by saying that they were considering opening a new case against Zeinab. Zeinab Jalalian has served 13 consecutive years of her life sentence in Khoy Prison. She is in poor physical condition and suffers from verities of ailments and infections such as pterygium, oral thrush (oral candidiasis), and other severe infections. She also suffers from intestinal and gastric diseases and severe hypertension.

Six Baha’i women Atieh Salehi, Farzaneh Dimi, Nasrin Ghadiri, Banafsheh Mokhtari, Arezoo Mohammadi, and Roya Maleki were put on trial on April 20, in Birjand, the capital of South Khorasan province in Iran. Followers of the Baha’i faith are systematically harassed and persecuted in Iran. They are denied equitable access to employment, education, and political office. In addition, they are not allowed to exercise any economic, social, or cultural rights.