Two Kurdish women activists were arrested in Sanandaj, capital of the Kurdistan Province in western Iran. Sorayya Khedri, civil rights activist and member of Krudistan’s Rojia charity organization was arrested by security forces on Thursday morning, September 13, 2018.
On Wednesday, September 12, 2018, residents of the provinces of Kurdistan, Kermanshah and West Azerbaijan went on a national strike in protest to the arbitrary executions of three Kurdish activists, Zaniar Moradi, Loghman Moradi and Ramin Hossein Panahi, as well as the regime’s missile attacks on the headquarters of two Kurdish parties in the Iraqi Kurdistan on September 8. The Iranian regime’s intelligence forces also arrested women activist Hajar Saeedi women’s rights and environmental activist in Sanandaj, on Wednesday, September 5, and transferred her to an unknown location.
No news is available on Najmeh Vahedi, sociologist and women’s rights activist, more than 10 days after her arrest at her home in Tehran-Iran by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) Intelligence Organization on September 1. Najmeh Vahedi’s family has been denied visitations or phone calls and have no news of her situation and the accusations leveled against her. Najmeh Vahedi was arrested on September 1, on the same day as Hoda Amid, lawyer and women’s rights activist was arrested.
A few days following the arrest of the two activists, Rezvaneh Mohammadi, a gender studies student and woman’s rights activist, was arrested on September 3. All three women were involved in training workshops for women’s rights in marriage contracts and other peaceful activities related to women’s rights.
Amnesty International issued a statement on September 3, warning that the arrests of lawyers and women’s rights activists in Iran signal intensifying crackdown on civil society.
Nine female students were deprived of pursuing higher education due to their Bah’I faith. Taranom Motamedi Borujeni, a resident of Shahin Shahr in Isfahan, Shamim Idelkhani, from Moghan in Ardebil, Farnia Iliazadeh, Sarvin Azarshab, Shahrzad Tirgar, and Melina Ghavami Nik, from Tehran, Parmida Hossein Pooli Mameghani, Parand Misaghi and Shaghayegh Ghasemi, are the nine female students who have been deprived from pursuing higher education due to their Baha’i conviction.
They had passed the national university entrance examination, some with outstanding results, but when checking in for their computer records, they received a message stating “deficient records” in the Evaluation Organization (Sanjesh).
“Deficient records” is an option used to block Baha'I students’ access to their computer records and inform them of being barred from continuing their higher education. This has become a common practice since 2006 and numerous students with Baha'i faith have faced this option in the results of the current year's examinations.
Baha'is are deprived of education in Iranian universities based on paragraph 3 of the bill ratified by the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution on February 25, 1991, which has also been endorsed by the supreme leader Ali Khamenei, "Once it is confirmed that a student adheres to Baha’ism, whether at the time of admission or during their studies, she or he must be deprived of education."
UN human rights reporters have repeatedly objected against the regime's anti-Baha'i behavior and, in particular, the depriving of Baha'is from their right to education, recognizing it as a clear indication of Iranian regime's neglect of human rights treaties.
Mahin Taj Ahmadpour, a political prisoner detained in Nashtarud Tonekabon Prison, has gone on a hunger strike since Monday, September 10, in protest to the lack of medical care, authorities preventing her from using the telephone, and threatening to open a new case against her. Mahin Taj Ahmadpour, 46 was one of the women arrested during the uprisings last year and was transferred to the Nashtarud Tonekabon Prison for imprisonment. Political prisoner Mahin Taj Ahmadpour has blood platelet deficiency and is required to receive seven blood units every month, and due to her illness, she is suspected of developing leukemia and is required to have regular injections to prevent the disease from spreading. Despite her condition and the doctor's orders, the prison authorities prevent her from going to a hospital for medical examinations and treatment. She’s being charged with "disrupting public order by participating in illegal gatherings" and "propaganda against the regime." She is sentenced to a total of 10 months’ imprisonment.
More than 2,000 marriages under 14 have been reported in oil rich Khuzestan Province, southwestern Iran, from March 2017 to March 2018. General Director of Khuzestan’s Provincial Registry announced that 23 underage marriages in the age group of 11 years old, 105 marriages in the age group of 12 years old, 749 marriages in the age group of 13, and 1,373 marriages in the age group of 14 had been recorded in the Persian year 1396 (March 2017-March 2018).
Behnam Moridi, General Director of Khuzestan’s Provincial Registry, said, "Last year, two underage marriages under 10 years of age were registered in the cities of Shadegan and Khorramshahr." According to published statistics, over 95,000 divorces among women under the age of 19 were recorded between 2011 and 2015, of which about 5,760 were related to underage marriages of teenagers less than 15 years old. (The state-run ILNA news agency – September 11, 2018) A social expert revealed that 41,000 early marriages under the age of 15 take place in Iran every year.